Queen Victoria and the Bonapartes
"What do you say to the wonderful proceedings in Paris, which really seem like a story in a book or a play?" wrote Queen Victoria to her uncle, King Leopold of the Belgians, in December 1851. Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, nephew of the great Napoleon Bonaparte, had made himself dictator of France, stealing the limelight of the European stage to open the first act of a play that would last for more than thirty years—and in which Queen Victoria was herself to play a major role. Into the Queen's staid, predictable and circumscribed life, the Second Empire Bonapartes brought a breath of another world. Adventurers, parvenus, exotics, they radiated an aura of romanticism to which Victoria's ardent nature was quick to respond.
Napoleon III, as he now styled himself, soon conquered where his uncle had failed: England, in the person of her Queen, was completely bowled over by his quiet charm and buccaneer looks. And his wife, the flamboyant Empress Eugenie, was able no less easily to overcome her less than immaculate origins and find a place in Victoria's heart.
But in the second act came disenchantment: Napoleon's Italian war disgusted his former
ally, and its end brought little improvement in the relations between the two countries.
The Queen and her ministers suspected that Napoleon's former intention of avenging
Waterloo had only lain dormant, and not died away. The Franco-
The Empress Eugenie fled to England, where her friendship with Victoria was renewed
and deepened. She found exile almost unbearable, fretting like a beautiful bird with
its wings clipped. One by one her avenues of escape were closed. Her husband died
on the eve of his planned "Return from Elba" and a few years later their only child,
the Prince Imperial, was killed at the age of twenty-
In the long twilight of the fourth act of the tragedy, the friendship between Victoria and Eugenie developed until the Empress became almost an honorary member of the British Royal Family. The Queen's unwavering championship of the dethroned, exiled and bereaved Eugenie revealed her at her most admirable: compassionate, practical, loyal, and stubborn in her determination to put persons before politics. Eugenie herself lived to see the defeat at Sedan avenged by the Allied victory of 1918; "it allows me to die," she said, "with my head held high, in peace with France".
Theo Aronson's account of the remarkable friendship between the Royal Houses of Britain
and France contains several hitherto unpublished entries from Queen Victoria's journals
and throws new light on her domestic and personal life. Set against the contrasting
backgrounds of lavish, theatrical Second Empire Paris and the ice-